Business Laws and Ethics (BLE)
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Government Support to Common Carriers? Explain

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Common Carriers

In the commercial life of any country, the need for carrying goods from one place to another cannot be overemphasized. Also, goods are to be moved to from one country to another. For these purposes, a contract of carriage is to be entered into. The persons, organizations or associations which carry goods are known as carriers.

The Carriers Act, 1865 defines a common carrier as any individual, firm or company (other than the government, who or which transports goods as a business, for money, from place to place, over land or inland waterways, for all persons (consignors) without any discrimination between them. A carrier must carry goods of the consignor for hire and not free of charge in order to be called. a common carrier.

Further, he must be engaged in the business of carrying goods for others for money from one place to another. A person who carries goods occasionally or free of charge is not a common carrier. Furthermore, he is bound to carry goods for all persons (consignors) without any discrimination provided:

  1. The freight chargeable by him is paid to him
  2. There is accommodation on his conveyance
  3. There is nothing objectionable or illegal about the carrying of goods of a particular consignor.‘

If, in spite of the above conditions being satisfied, a carrier reserves to himself the right to accept or reject an offer, he is not a common carrier. It is worth noting that the Carriers Act, 1865 covers only common carriers of goods and not passengers.

(Government Support to Common Carriers)

  • The Carriers Act, 1865 defines a common carrier as any individual, firm or company
  • A carrier must carry goods of the consignor for hire and not free of charge in order to be called. a common carrier.
  • The persons, organizations or associations which carry goods are known as carriers.

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