Organizational Behaviour Model
Components Of OB:
- Individual Behaviour comprises .such aspects as Personality, Perceptions, Attitudes and Values; Learning and Motivation.
- Group behaviour covers such as topicé as group dynamics, leadership, power and politics, communication and conflict.
- Organization: It comprises Organizational culture, Human Resource Policies and Practices; Work Stress, Organizational Change and Development.
Individual behaviour will influence and is influenced by group behaviour which in turn has an impact on the behaviour of an organization. The cumulative effect of all these behaviours is felt on organizational effectiveness which in turn has an impact on individual, group and organizational behaviours.
Personality means a general sum of traits or characteristics of the persons to others. It refers to a unitary mode of response to life situations. Personality is dynamic. organization within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment.
Personality is a set of characteristics and tendencies that determine those commonalities and differences in the behaviour of people that have continuity in time and that may not be easily understood as the sole“ result of the social and biological pressures of the moment.
In human resources and training, personality is important because of its possible connection with an individual’s behaviour and learning outcome. The personality differences may’mean that certain people may fit into a certain culture more effectively than others. Also, different personalities may have a different level of effectiveness 1n different roles
Personality theories are often classified into two broad categories the idiographic approach and the nomothetic approach. The former tend not to assume that person is in any way ‘fixed’. Furthermore, personality is viewed as a consequence of interactions with on-going experience. As a result, idiographic theories tend to produce a highly detailed analysis of an individual’s personality.
On the other hand, the nomothetic approach tends to identify measurable aspects of personality and make attempts at linking these aspects to human behaviour. Behind these theories, there is the assumption that personality is relatively stable. The group can also be further sub-divided into the ‘Trait theories’ (i.e. dimensions of personality) and the ‘type theories’ (i.e. types of personality).
The ‘trait’ approaches concern the tendency (or preference, e. g. introvert vs. outgoing; group~dependent vs.self-suff10ient etc.) of an individual to behave in a particular way.