Various Principles of Scientific Management
Scientific Management Approach
Fredrick W. Taylor (1986-1915) rested his philosophy on four basic principles.- Various Principles of Scientific Management
- The development of a true science of management so that the best method for performing each task could be determined.
- The Scientific selection of workers so that each worker would be given responsibility for the task for which he or she was best suited.
- The scientific education and development of workers.
- Intimate friendly cooperation between management and labor.
The Scientific Management Approach
The Scientific Management Approach propounded by F..W Taylor is based upon the following four principles:
Science- Not Rule of Thumb :
This principle says that we’ should not get stuck in a set routine with the old techniques of doing work, rather we should be constantly experimenting to develop new techniques which make the work much simpler, easier and quicker.
Harmony-Not Discord :
As per this principle, such an atmosphere should be created in the organization that labour (the major factor of production) and management consider each other indispensable.
Taylor has referred to such a situation as a ‘Mental Revolution’. Taylor firmly believed that the occurrence of a mental revolution would end all conflicts between the two parties and would be beneficial to both of them.
Cooperation, Not Individualism:
According to this principle, all the activities done by different people must be carried on with a spirit of mutual cooperation. Taylor has suggested that the manager and the workers should jointly determine standards. This increases involvement and thus, in turn, increases responsibility. In this way, we can expect miraculous results.
Development of Each and Every Person to His / Her Greatest Efficiency and Prosperity :
According to this principle, the efficiency of each and every person should be taken care of right from his selection. A proper arrangement of everybody’s training should be made.
It should also be taken care that each individual should be allotted work according to his ability and interest. Such a caring attitude would create a sense of enthusiasm among the employees and a feeling of belongingness too.